CBD 101: Everything you need to know about CBD | Inquirer

CBD 101: Everything you need to know about CBD

/ 07:06 AM August 05, 2020

The name “CBD” refers to cannabidiol – a non-intoxicating organic compound derived from the cannabis sativa plant. It is typically found in cannabis oil in resin glands on cannabis flowers. Cannabidiol is only one of many chemicals produced by the cannabis plant.

And although cannabis is a popular source of cannabidiols, it’s not the only one. This compound is also present in other well-known plants like black pepper, kava, cacao, and Echinacea.

The psychological effects of cannabis are attributed to another famous cannabis compound, THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol). However, this CBD guide will tell you everything you need to know about cannabidiol and its benefits.

Types of CBD

Full-spectrum CBD: This type of cannabidiol retains all the components of the cannabis plant, including trace amounts of THC. Although THC is active in full-spectrum CBD products, it is always less than 0.3% in federally legal products.

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However, it is possible to find full-spectrum CBD products with higher levels of THC in states that have fully legalized cannabis.

Broad-spectrum CBD: In this type of CBD, all cannabis components are present except for THC. It can be considered the middle child of all three types of CBD.

CBD isolate: This is pure CBD without any other component of the cannabis plant.


Full-spectrum vs. Broad-spectrum

There is a theory that there are more benefits of taking multiple cannabis components together than individually. This theory is widely known as the entourage effect and is a significant benefit of full-spectrum CBD. Some of these components include phytocannabinoids (like THC and CBD), flavonoids, and terpenes (responsible for the flavor and scent of cannabis).

Though broad-spectrum CBD products contain no THC, you can still have the entourage effect from its other compounds that have additional benefits apart from CBD. However, full-spectrum CBD could be your best option if you want to get the maximum benefits of cannabis.

A 2011 review showed that intake of terpenes and phytocannabinoids together might help with inflammation, anxiety, and pain. CBD is also widely used for specific skin conditions and brain-related illnesses.

A potential disadvantage of full-spectrum CBD is that its consumption in large doses may make you feel “high” because of the THC. On the other hand, the absence of THC in broad-spectrum CBD means its consumption will in no way give you a “high” feeling.

But this doesn’t mean you can get intoxicated from full-spectrum CBD products. You’re not likely to get any of that from small doses of products with lower potency. However, it’s good to know that you might test positive for cannabis from full-spectrum CBD products.

Forms of CBD

Due to the legalization of marijuana and its offshoots, CBD is now available in many forms. Some of the forms of CBD and their benefits are as follows.


CBD oil

Cannabidiol oil is one of the most effective ways of treating various ailments, including health and skincare issues. It is especially good for pain relief.

It is absorbed into the body within 30 minutes and lasts up to 5 hours. It works similarly to CBD, but because it is oil-based, there is a chance that it might work quicker.

CBD Gummies

CBD Gummies

This is easily one of the tastiest ways to take CBD while retaining all its benefits. It is relatively easy to dose as you do not have to count droplets. They are relatively easy to carry around and are incredibly tasty. CBD gummies are good for treating many illnesses, like managing insomnia or quelling anxiety.

CBD Drinks

There are even CBD-infused drinks that are delicious, easy to consume, and a great alternative to alcohol as CBD will relax you without becoming intoxicated. This list of best CBD drinks for 2022 contains some popular drinks for you to try if you’re interested in exploring this form of CBD.

CBD Salve

Cannabidiol has been lauded for relieving aches and sore muscles. Therefore, it is also effective as a salve. CBD salves have been known to do much good for athletes, helping to reduce inflammation and pain. It has been touted as an excellent post-workout solution. The benefits are immense, and it is recommended both for and by athletes.

CBD Flower

CBD flower contains more CBD than THC. They are very effective for calming anxiety and give a pleasant feeling once used. Aside from relieving anxiety, this plant effectively resolves sleep issues and eases pain.

CBD Softgels

Softgels are another way to take cannabidiol. The capsules protect the CBD by hermetically sealing it to prevent sunlight and air from seeping in and destroying the CBD. In addition to its many known benefits, these soft gels are relatively easy to swallow.

CBD Topicals


As CBD does not cause intoxication or make one “high,” manufacturers often use it as an effective ingredient to treat various ailments. Topical CBD is most effective as it works quicker while retaining its benefits.

You can use these as a skincare product or just a lotion. Many companies have a range of topical creams or ointments, including CBD, which is readily available.

CBD Inhalers

Many people don’t know that rather than vaping CBD, inhaling it is a faster way to get it into your system for symptomatic relief. An inhaler uses propellants, which make you breathe in a pre-measured dose. It is relatively easy to take and is not only portable but discreet too.

Vaping uses heat which might change the chemical composition of the CBD and may cause lung damage. In contrast to this, using an inhaler is relatively safer.

CBD Nasal Sprays

CBD nasal sprays clear congestion and open the airways like most nasal sprays. It has a fast-acting effect with many benefits. The nasal spray consists of a blend of saline solution and CBD for fast relief.

If you have ever used a mist spray, the nasal spray works similarly with the same effect. Many use these sprays for treating various ailments, but the significant difference between this product and others is its immediate impact.

CBD Patches


This is similar to a nicotine patch but contains CBD. A CBD patch is an effective pain relieving solution. A small patch sticks to the skin, delivering CBD directly to it.

It is effective in localized pain relief. It is transdermal, meaning that the CBD is absorbed directly into the bloodstream through the skin. This makes it practical for relieving pain and reducing anxiety.

CBD Shatter

CBD shatter is a form of CBD isolate, meaning that it is 100% pure CBD. It is known as shatter because of its hard texture, which shatters easily when picked up.

This form of CBD is for more experienced CBD users. Users consume this through a process referred to as dabbing through an instrument called the dab ring. It is an effective way of taking CBD that does not strip it of its benefits.

CBD Chocolates

Many people enjoy chocolates. It’s also another delicious way of consuming CBD, giving you all the benefits. Chocolates have a natural calming effect, so it is not strange that when paired with CBD, they calm anxiety.

It is easy to dose as they come in servings. A variety of companies make CBD chocolates, so there are many options to choose from.

CBD Coconut Oil

Coconut oil alone has numerous health benefits. Now, combined with CBD, these benefits increase exponentially. Among other things, this product will reduce your anxiety and give you healthier hair. You can consume it both topically and orally.

Unfortunately, there are only a few good brands of CBD coconut oil. You would have to do a lot of personal research before purchasing these products to make the right choice.

CBD Bath Bombs and Salt

Bath Bombs and Salt

We already know baths have a rejuvenating effect. They benefit the skin and have a calming effect. Some bath bombs and salts contain CBD, which is suitable for skin care and has other benefits.

Baths enthusiasts have been raging about CBD bath products. Its calming effect is unmatched and is perfect as a de-stressor after a long day.

CBD Face Serum

Skincare enthusiasts will already know the benefits of a good face serum. Some of these serums contain CBD. It can treat skin conditions like dryness, acne, rashes, and tired skin. It’s quickly absorbed into the skin and has all the benefits of CBD with added nutrients that make it perfect for the skin.

CBD Seltzer

Did you know you can take CBD in water? Not just regular water but Seltzer. This soda water is not only refreshing but is beneficial. Soda water is becoming all the rage, and they come in flavors. It is not surprising that some have their seltzer with CBD. It can be used to calm anxiety and helps regulate sleep.

CBD Coffee

Coffee is beneficial for a lot of reasons. When CBD is in it, it makes it even better. This unique way of taking CBD reduces anxiety and keeps you alert. People that consume CBD coffee will tell you that the coffee gives all the alertness and none of the jitters.

It is one of the more preferred edible ways of consuming CBD while retaining all its benefits. It acts as an anti-oxidant and has a calming effect. Though it is not very popular, it is an enjoyable way to consume CBD.

CBD Cocktails

It is becoming a fad in most high-end bars to infuse their drinks with CBD. The flavored CBD oil is especially a hit. Depending on how a mixologist prepares them, these drinks can be very delicious. It keeps you calm and does not make you get high like other marijuana-infused drinks.

What is CBD vs. Hemp

vs. Hemp

CBD, hemp, and marijuana are all related but have significant differences. The primary difference between marijuana and hemp lies in their THC levels.

Hemp contains THC of 0.3% or less. This means that, unlike marijuana, you cannot get the “high” feeling from hemp products. It is essential to know that THC is also a cannabinoid, and marijuana contains both THC and CBD.

Is CBD good for health?

The relaxing feeling derived from CBD is known to provide relief from anxiety and stress. Although studies are ongoing on depression, anxiety, and chronic pain, CBD is usually well tolerated and considered safe.

However, there are some side effects linked with the use of CBD. These may include fatigue, loss of weight or appetite, and diarrhea. In addition, consuming large doses of full-spectrum CBD can give some of the THC effects, especially if you’re a new cannabis user.

If you’re taking any medication, you’ll need to see your doctor before using CBD, as it can interact with certain medications. CBD may interact with drugs like blood thinners, prescription medicines, and dietary supplements.

According to research, you can increase CBD in the blood through high-fat meals, which will, in turn, increase the side effects. With topical CBD, you should use a test patch for a start to be sure you won’t react adversely to it.

However, there is strong scientific evidence that CBD can treat some of the worst childhood epilepsy syndromes, such as Dravet syndrome and Lennox- Gastaut syndrome (LGS).

These syndromes do not usually respond well to anti-seizure medications, but CBD was able to reduce seizures or stop them altogether. Epidiolex, which contains CBD, is the first FDA-approved drug for those conditions. That makes Epidiolex the first cannabis-derived medicine.

Potential Benefits of CBD

Potential Benefits

CBD is known for its uses in a variety of health issues. Though scientific research is still ongoing to determine the further medical applications of cannabidiols, the following are some possible benefits of using CBD:

  • You can use it to reduce depression and anxiety
  • CBD may treat particular epilepsy syndromes
  • May improve heart health
  • Relieve chronic pain
  • May ease mental health symptoms
  • Reduce diabetic complications
  • Boost immune system
  • Alleviate certain symptoms of cancer
  • Skincare properties


While it might have some side effects, CBD is mostly beneficial. It is well deserving of the popularity that it has amassed in recent times. It is neither addictive nor intoxicating. You can consume CBD in various forms, not limited to the ones listed above.

Currently, studies are ongoing that test other potential health benefits of CBD. Cannabidiols have existed for a while, and many people have used them. It is relatively safe. Like all drugs, you should only take CBD with guidance from your doctor.

CBD Product Recommendation

CBD Herbal Botanical Salve

CBD Herbal Botanical Salve

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This USDA Certified Organic Herbal Botanical Salve is an all-natural blend of quality botanical components that has been with 500 mg of pure CBD. This Herbal Botanical Salve, expertly made with the finest ingredients, helps promote skin by safeguarding its layers and regenerating its growth.

It increases blood flow by enhancing the circulatory system. Because of the high concentrations of Arnica Montana Extract employed in its composition, it has powerful pain-relieving qualities when applied to the skin.

It even has a subtle zesty blood orange aroma, a sensory delight. It comes in a two ounce jar and offers a higher concentration of CBD, ensuring you get an optimal dose with each application.


What exactly is CBD?

CBD,  meaning cannabidiol, is a chemical compound from the cannabis Sativa plant. It is the second most active ingredient in medical marijuana and comes directly from the hemp plant. The cannabis plant produces over 113 Cabinoids, of which CBD is not only one but accounts for over 40% of the plant’s extract.

How does CBD work?

CBD works with the endocannabinoid system. This system is part of a lot of processes, including but not limited to cognitive functions. The endocannabinoid system comprises cannabinoid receptors, enzymes, neurons, and neural pathways.

The cannabinoid receptors interact with the endocannabinoids and the phytocannabinoids like CBD. The endocannabinoid system creates and maintains homeostasis or balance.  

This system is what makes CBD beneficial for the body.

Is CBD legal?

There has often been some debate about the legality of CBD. CBD is legally obtainable in America. There are laws in all 50 states of America that make CBD legal with different restrictions depending on the state.

In 2018, the Farm bill made hemp legal in the United States. This makes CBD legal, too, as CBD comes from hemp.

What are the types of CBD products?

CBD products are available in three types. Full-spectrum CBD contains all compounds of the cannabis plant, with 0.3% or less THC. Broad-spectrum CBD has all the cannabis compounds except THC. CBD isolate is a 100% pure type of CBD containing no cannabis compounds.

How potent is CBD?

CBD potency levels vary across different products. If you’re new to using CBD, consider lower-potency CBD products and consult your doctor before you begin. Experienced users may view high potency differently.

What is the most effective form of CBD?

We do not know yet. However, it would be best to consider the entourage effect. It is more effective when you take all the cannabis plant compounds, including cannabinoids like THC and CBD and others like flavonoids and terpenes together.

If you don’t mind taking THC in small amounts, you should consider using full-spectrum CBD products to benefit from this synergistic effect.

Will I get “high” from using CBD?

No. CBD does not give the “high” feeling linked with THC. CBD is non-intoxicating, but large doses of potent full-spectrum CBD products may have a euphoric effect due to small amounts of THC.

Can CBD be detected on a drug test?

Most drug tests usually look for THC. Therefore, it’s unlikely that you’ll get a positive result after using a CBD product unless you’re taking a potent full-spectrum CBD product. If the drug test checks for CBD, then the use of any CBD product will show a positive result.

If you have concerns about drug tests, it’s advisable to consider CBD isolate or broad-spectrum products or leave out CBD on the whole.

How safe is CBD?

Generally, it is safe to use CBD. However, like every drug, some people may have some side effects. These include diarrhea, loss of weight or appetite, and dizziness or fatigue. Additionally, children and pregnant or breastfeeding mothers should not consume CBD.

How do I know the right CBD for me?

There are many CBD products, dosages, and intake methods. First, you should know that people react differently to cannabidiol. We recommend starting slow with low doses and seeing how your body reacts to it. You can then monitor your body’s response and increase your dosage to give you the desired benefits.


We hope this guide has been able to reveal the essential things you need to know about CBD. 

By now, you should know the different CBD health benefits, the concept of CBD marijuana, and other hemp uses.

If you are taking CBD for treating serious ailments like arthritis, it’s best to consult your doctor to know the appropriate dosage.

Is CBD Legal? Hemp-derived CBD products (with less than 0.3 percent THC) are legal on the federal level. Check your state’s laws and those of anywhere you travel. Keep in mind that nonprescription CBD products are not FDA-approved.

Published June 26, 2019; Updated September 21, 2022.

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